West Highland White Terrier
ORIGIN: Great Britain.
GENERAL APPEARANCE: Strongly built; deep in chest and back ribs; level back and powerful quarters on muscular legs and exhibiting in a marked degree a great combination of strength and activity.
BEHAVIOUR AND TEMPERAMENT: Small, active, game, hardly, possessed of no small amount of self-esteem with a varminty appearance. Alert, gay, courageous, self-reliant but friendly.
HEAD Distance from occiput to eyes slightly greater than length of foreface. Head thickly coated with hair and carried at right angle or less, to axis of neck. Head not to be carried in extended position.
CRANIAL REGION: Skull: Slightly domed; when handled across forehead presents a smooth contour. Tapering very slightly from skull at level of ears to eyes. Stop: Distinct stop, formed by heavy, bony ridges immediately above and slightly overhanging eye, and slight indentation between eyes.
FACIAL REGION: Nose: Black and fairly large, forming smooth contour with rest of muzzle. Nose not projecting forward.
Muzzle: Foreface gradually tapering from eye to muzzle; not dished nor falling away quickly below eyes, where it is well made up. Jaws / Teeth: Jaws strong and level. As broad between canine teeth as is consistent with varminty expression required. Teeth large for size of dog, with regular scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Eyes: Set wide apart, medium in size, not full, as dark as possible
and set well under heavy eyebrows which gives the dog a sharp and intelligent piercing expression. Light coloured eyes highly undesirable. Ears: Small, erect and carried firmly, terminating in sharp point, set neither too wide nor too close. Hair short and smooth (velvety), should not be cut. Free from any fringe at top. Round-pointed, broad, large or thick ears or too heavily coated with hair most undesirable.
NECK: Sufficiently long to allow proper set on of head required, muscular and gradually thickening towards base allowing neck to merge into nicely sloping shoulders.
BODY: Compact. Back: Level. Loin: Broad and strong. Chest: Deep and ribs well arched in upper half presenting a flattish side appearance. Back ribs of considerable depth and distance from last rib of quarters as short as compatible with free movement of body.
TAIL: 13 -15 cms long, covered with harsh hair, no feathering, as straight as possible, carried jauntily, not gay or carried over back. A long tail undesirable, and on no account should tails be docked.
FOREQUARTERS: Shoulder: Sloping backwards. Shoulder-blades broad and lying close
to chest wall. Shoulder joint placed forward.
Elbow: Well in, allowing foreleg to move freely, parallel to axis of body. Forearm: Forelegs short and muscular, straight and thickly covered with short, hard hair. Forefeet: Larger than hind feet, round, proportionate in size, strong, thickly padded and covered with short harsh hair. Under surface of pads and all nails preferably black.
HINDQUARTERS: General appearance: Strong, muscular and wide across top. Legs short, muscular and sinewy. Thigh: Very muscular and not too wide apart. Stifle (Knee): Well bent. Hock joint: Bent and well set in under body so as to be fairly close to each other when standing or moving. Straight or weak hocks most undesirable. Hind feet: Smaller than forefeet and thickly padded, round, proportionate in size, strong, thickly padded and covered with short harsh hair. Under surface of pads and all nails preferably black.
GAIT / MOVEMENT: Free, straight and easy all round. In front, legs freely extended forward from shoulder. Hind movement free, strong and close. Stifle and hocks well flexed and hocks drawn under body giving drive. Stiff, stilted movement behind and cowhocks highly undesirable.
SKIN: Free from obvious skin problems.
COAT: Hair: Double coated. Outer coat consists of harsh hair, about 5 cms long, free from any curl. Undercoat, which resembles fur, short, soft and close. Open coats most undesirable.
SIZE: Height at the withers: Approximately 28 cms.
- Atopy (environmental allergy)
- Hip dysplasia (developmental hip disorder)
- Otitis externa (inflammation of the external auditory canal)
- Spondylosis (fusion of intervertebrae)