American Akita
American Akita
American Akita

American Akita

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History

At first, the history of the American Akita is similar to the history of the Japanese Akita. Since 1603, Akita Matagis (medium-sized bear hunting dogs) were used as fighting dogs in the Akita region. Starting in 1868, Akita Matagis were crossed with Tosas and Mastiffs. This increased the size of Akitas, but the characteristics associated with the Spitz type were lost. By 1908 dog fighting was prohibited, but Akitas was nevertheless preserved and improved as a great Japanese breed. As a result, nine superior examples of Akitas were designated as "Natural Monuments" in 1931. During the Second World War (1939-1945), it was common to use dogs as a source of fur for military clothing. The police ordered the seizure and confiscation of all dogs except German shepherd dogs used for military purposes. Some fanciers tried to circumvent the order by crossing their dogs with German shepherds. When World War II ended, the number of Akitas had been drastically reduced and three different types existed: 1) Matagi Akita 2) Fighting Akita 3) Shepherd Akita. This created a very confusing situation in the breed. During the restoration process of the pure breed after the war, Kongo-go of the Dewa line enjoyed a temporary but enormous popularity. Many Akitas of the Dewa line, which showed characteristics of the Mastiff and German Shepherd influence, were brought back to the United States by members of the armed forces. The Akitas of the Dewa line, intelligent and able to adapt to different environments, fascinated breeders in the United States, and the line developed with an increasing number of breeders and a great increase in popularity. The Akita Club of America was founded in 1956 and the American Kennel Club (AKC) accepted the breed (pedigree inscription and regular show status) in October 1972. At this time, however, the AKC and the JKC (Japan Kennel Club) had no mutual agreements for recognising each other's pedigrees and therefore the door was closed for the introduction of the new bloodlines from Japan. Consequently, Akitas in the United States differed considerably from those in Japan, the country of origin. They developed as a type unique in the United States, with characteristics and type unchanged since 1955. This is in stark contrast to Akitas in Japan which were crossed with Matagi Akitas for the purpose of restoring the original pure breed.

Personality

The Akita is docile, intelligent, courageous, and fearless. Careful and very affectionate with his family. Sometimes spontaneous, he needs a firm, confident, consistent pack leader. Without this leader, the dog will be very stubborn and can become very aggressive towards other dogs and animals. As a puppy, it needs firm training.